/** * A simple set of functions to check our version 1.0 update service. * * @package WordPress * @since 2.3.0 */ /** * Check WordPress version against the newest version. * * The WordPress version, PHP version, and Locale is sent. Checks against the * WordPress server at api.wordpress.org server. Will only check if WordPress * isn't installing. * * @since 2.3.0 * @uses $wp_version Used to check against the newest WordPress version. * * @param array $extra_stats Extra statistics to report to the WordPress.org API. * @param bool $force_check Whether to bypass the transient cache and force a fresh update check. Defaults to false, true if $extra_stats is set. * @return mixed Returns null if update is unsupported. Returns false if check is too soon. */ function wp_version_check( $extra_stats = array(), $force_check = false ) { if ( defined('WP_INSTALLING') ) return; global $wpdb, $wp_local_package; include( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/version.php' ); // include an unmodified $wp_version $php_version = phpversion(); $current = get_site_transient( 'update_core' ); $translations = wp_get_installed_translations( 'core' ); // Invalidate the transient when $wp_version changes if ( is_object( $current ) && $wp_version != $current->version_checked ) $current = false; if ( ! is_object($current) ) { $current = new stdClass; $current->updates = array(); $current->version_checked = $wp_version; } if ( ! empty( $extra_stats ) ) $force_check = true; // Wait 60 seconds between multiple version check requests $timeout = 60; $time_not_changed = isset( $current->last_checked ) && $timeout > ( time() - $current->last_checked ); if ( ! $force_check && $time_not_changed ) return false; $locale = get_locale(); /** * Filter the locale requested for WordPress core translations. * * @since 2.8.0 * * @param string $locale Current locale. */ $locale = apply_filters( 'core_version_check_locale', $locale ); // Update last_checked for current to prevent multiple blocking requests if request hangs $current->last_checked = time(); set_site_transient( 'update_core', $current ); if ( method_exists( $wpdb, 'db_version' ) ) $mysql_version = preg_replace('/[^0-9.].*/', '', $wpdb->db_version()); else $mysql_version = 'N/A'; if ( is_multisite() ) { $user_count = get_user_count(); $num_blogs = get_blog_count(); $wp_install = network_site_url(); $multisite_enabled = 1; } else { $user_count = count_users(); $user_count = $user_count['total_users']; $multisite_enabled = 0; $num_blogs = 1; $wp_install = home_url( '/' ); } $query = array( 'version' => $wp_version, 'php' => $php_version, 'locale' => $locale, 'mysql' => $mysql_version, 'local_package' => isset( $wp_local_package ) ? $wp_local_package : '', 'blogs' => $num_blogs, 'users' => $user_count, 'multisite_enabled' => $multisite_enabled, ); $post_body = array( 'translations' => json_encode( $translations ), ); if ( is_array( $extra_stats ) ) $post_body = array_merge( $post_body, $extra_stats ); $url = $http_url = 'http://api.wordpress.org/core/version-check/1.7/?' . http_build_query( $query, null, '&' ); if ( $ssl = wp_http_supports( array( 'ssl' ) ) ) $url = set_url_scheme( $url, 'https' ); $options = array( 'timeout' => ( ( defined('DOING_CRON') && DOING_CRON ) ? 30 : 3 ), 'user-agent' => 'WordPress/' . $wp_version . '; ' . home_url( '/' ), 'headers' => array( 'wp_install' => $wp_install, 'wp_blog' => home_url( '/' ) ), 'body' => $post_body, ); $response = wp_remote_post( $url, $options ); if ( $ssl && is_wp_error( $response ) ) { trigger_error( __( 'An unexpected error occurred. Something may be wrong with WordPress.org or this server’s configuration. If you continue to have problems, please try the support forums.' ) . ' ' . __( '(WordPress could not establish a secure connection to WordPress.org. Please contact your server administrator.)' ), headers_sent() || WP_DEBUG ? E_USER_WARNING : E_USER_NOTICE ); $response = wp_remote_post( $http_url, $options ); } if ( is_wp_error( $response ) || 200 != wp_remote_retrieve_response_code( $response ) ) return false; $body = trim( wp_remote_retrieve_body( $response ) ); $body = json_decode( $body, true ); if ( ! is_array( $body ) || ! isset( $body['offers'] ) ) return false; $offers = $body['offers']; foreach ( $offers as &$offer ) { foreach ( $offer as $offer_key => $value ) { if ( 'packages' == $offer_key ) $offer['packages'] = (object) array_intersect_key( array_map( 'esc_url', $offer['packages'] ), array_fill_keys( array( 'full', 'no_content', 'new_bundled', 'partial', 'rollback' ), '' ) ); elseif ( 'download' == $offer_key ) $offer['download'] = esc_url( $value ); else $offer[ $offer_key ] = esc_html( $value ); } $offer = (object) array_intersect_key( $offer, array_fill_keys( array( 'response', 'download', 'locale', 'packages', 'current', 'version', 'php_version', 'mysql_version', 'new_bundled', 'partial_version', 'notify_email', 'support_email' ), '' ) ); } $updates = new stdClass(); $updates->updates = $offers; $updates->last_checked = time(); $updates->version_checked = $wp_version; if ( isset( $body['translations'] ) ) $updates->translations = $body['translations']; set_site_transient( 'update_core', $updates ); if ( ! empty( $body['ttl'] ) ) { $ttl = (int) $body['ttl']; if ( $ttl && ( time() + $ttl < wp_next_scheduled( 'wp_version_check' ) ) ) { // Queue an event to re-run the update check in $ttl seconds. wp_schedule_single_event( time() + $ttl, 'wp_version_check' ); } } // Trigger a background updates check if running non-interactively, and we weren't called from the update handler. if ( defined( 'DOING_CRON' ) && DOING_CRON && ! doing_action( 'wp_maybe_auto_update' ) ) { do_action( 'wp_maybe_auto_update' ); } } /** * Check plugin versions against the latest versions hosted on WordPress.org. * * The WordPress version, PHP version, and Locale is sent along with a list of * all plugins installed. Checks against the WordPress server at * api.wordpress.org. Will only check if WordPress isn't installing. * * @since 2.3.0 * @uses $wp_version Used to notify the WordPress version. * * @param array $extra_stats Extra statistics to report to the WordPress.org API. * @return mixed Returns null if update is unsupported. Returns false if check is too soon. */ function wp_update_plugins( $extra_stats = array() ) { include( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/version.php' ); // include an unmodified $wp_version if ( defined('WP_INSTALLING') ) return false; // If running blog-side, bail unless we've not checked in the last 12 hours if ( !function_exists( 'get_plugins' ) ) require_once( ABSPATH . 'wp-admin/includes/plugin.php' ); $plugins = get_plugins(); $translations = wp_get_installed_translations( 'plugins' ); $active = get_option( 'active_plugins', array() ); $current = get_site_transient( 'update_plugins' ); if ( ! is_object($current) ) $current = new stdClass; $new_option = new stdClass; $new_option->last_checked = time(); // Check for update on a different schedule, depending on the page. switch ( current_filter() ) { case 'upgrader_process_complete' : $timeout = 0; break; case 'load-update-core.php' : $timeout = MINUTE_IN_SECONDS; break; case 'load-plugins.php' : case 'load-update.php' : $timeout = HOUR_IN_SECONDS; break; default : if ( defined( 'DOING_CRON' ) && DOING_CRON ) { $timeout = 0; } else { $timeout = 12 * HOUR_IN_SECONDS; } } $time_not_changed = isset( $current->last_checked ) && $timeout > ( time() - $current->last_checked ); if ( $time_not_changed && ! $extra_stats ) { $plugin_changed = false; foreach ( $plugins as $file => $p ) { $new_option->checked[ $file ] = $p['Version']; if ( !isset( $current->checked[ $file ] ) || strval($current->checked[ $file ]) !== strval($p['Version']) ) $plugin_changed = true; } if ( isset ( $current->response ) && is_array( $current->response ) ) { foreach ( $current->response as $plugin_file => $update_details ) { if ( ! isset($plugins[ $plugin_file ]) ) { $plugin_changed = true; break; } } } // Bail if we've checked recently and if nothing has changed if ( ! $plugin_changed ) return false; } // Update last_checked for current to prevent multiple blocking requests if request hangs $current->last_checked = time(); set_site_transient( 'update_plugins', $current ); $to_send = compact( 'plugins', 'active' ); $locales = array( get_locale() ); /** * Filter the locales requested for plugin translations. * * @since 3.7.0 * * @param array $locales Plugin locale. Default is current locale of the site. */ $locales = apply_filters( 'plugins_update_check_locales', $locales ); if ( defined( 'DOING_CRON' ) && DOING_CRON ) { $timeout = 30; } else { // Three seconds, plus one extra second for every 10 plugins $timeout = 3 + (int) ( count( $plugins ) / 10 ); } $options = array( 'timeout' => $timeout, 'body' => array( 'plugins' => json_encode( $to_send ), 'translations' => json_encode( $translations ), 'locale' => json_encode( $locales ), 'all' => json_encode( true ), ), 'user-agent' => 'WordPress/' . $wp_version . '; ' . get_bloginfo( 'url' ) ); if ( $extra_stats ) { $options['body']['update_stats'] = json_encode( $extra_stats ); } $url = $http_url = 'http://api.wordpress.org/plugins/update-check/1.1/'; if ( $ssl = wp_http_supports( array( 'ssl' ) ) ) $url = set_url_scheme( $url, 'https' ); $raw_response = wp_remote_post( $url, $options ); if ( $ssl && is_wp_error( $raw_response ) ) { trigger_error( __( 'An unexpected error occurred. Something may be wrong with WordPress.org or this server’s configuration. If you continue to have problems, please try the support forums.' ) . ' ' . __( '(WordPress could not establish a secure connection to WordPress.org. Please contact your server administrator.)' ), headers_sent() || WP_DEBUG ? E_USER_WARNING : E_USER_NOTICE ); $raw_response = wp_remote_post( $http_url, $options ); } if ( is_wp_error( $raw_response ) || 200 != wp_remote_retrieve_response_code( $raw_response ) ) return false; $response = json_decode( wp_remote_retrieve_body( $raw_response ), true ); foreach ( $response['plugins'] as &$plugin ) { $plugin = (object) $plugin; } unset( $plugin ); foreach ( $response['no_update'] as &$plugin ) { $plugin = (object) $plugin; } unset( $plugin ); if ( is_array( $response ) ) { $new_option->response = $response['plugins']; $new_option->translations = $response['translations']; // TODO: Perhaps better to store no_update in a separate transient with an expiry? $new_option->no_update = $response['no_update']; } else { $new_option->response = array(); $new_option->translations = array(); $new_option->no_update = array(); } set_site_transient( 'update_plugins', $new_option ); } /** * Check theme versions against the latest versions hosted on WordPress.org. * * A list of all themes installed in sent to WP. Checks against the * WordPress server at api.wordpress.org. Will only check if WordPress isn't * installing. * * @since 2.7.0 * @uses $wp_version Used to notify the WordPress version. * * @param array $extra_stats Extra statistics to report to the WordPress.org API. * @return mixed Returns null if update is unsupported. Returns false if check is too soon. */ function wp_update_themes( $extra_stats = array() ) { include( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/version.php' ); // include an unmodified $wp_version if ( defined( 'WP_INSTALLING' ) ) return false; $installed_themes = wp_get_themes(); $translations = wp_get_installed_translations( 'themes' ); $last_update = get_site_transient( 'update_themes' ); if ( ! is_object($last_update) ) $last_update = new stdClass; $themes = $checked = $request = array(); // Put slug of current theme into request. $request['active'] = get_option( 'stylesheet' ); foreach ( $installed_themes as $theme ) { $checked[ $theme->get_stylesheet() ] = $theme->get('Version'); $themes[ $theme->get_stylesheet() ] = array( 'Name' => $theme->get('Name'), 'Title' => $theme->get('Name'), 'Version' => $theme->get('Version'), 'Author' => $theme->get('Author'), 'Author URI' => $theme->get('AuthorURI'), 'Template' => $theme->get_template(), 'Stylesheet' => $theme->get_stylesheet(), ); } // Check for update on a different schedule, depending on the page. switch ( current_filter() ) { case 'upgrader_process_complete' : $timeout = 0; break; case 'load-update-core.php' : $timeout = MINUTE_IN_SECONDS; break; case 'load-themes.php' : case 'load-update.php' : $timeout = HOUR_IN_SECONDS; break; default : if ( defined( 'DOING_CRON' ) && DOING_CRON ) { $timeout = 0; } else { $timeout = 12 * HOUR_IN_SECONDS; } } $time_not_changed = isset( $last_update->last_checked ) && $timeout > ( time() - $last_update->last_checked ); if ( $time_not_changed && ! $extra_stats ) { $theme_changed = false; foreach ( $checked as $slug => $v ) { if ( !isset( $last_update->checked[ $slug ] ) || strval($last_update->checked[ $slug ]) !== strval($v) ) $theme_changed = true; } if ( isset ( $last_update->response ) && is_array( $last_update->response ) ) { foreach ( $last_update->response as $slug => $update_details ) { if ( ! isset($checked[ $slug ]) ) { $theme_changed = true; break; } } } // Bail if we've checked recently and if nothing has changed if ( ! $theme_changed ) return false; } // Update last_checked for current to prevent multiple blocking requests if request hangs $last_update->last_checked = time(); set_site_transient( 'update_themes', $last_update ); $request['themes'] = $themes; $locales = array( get_locale() ); /** * Filter the locales requested for theme translations. * * @since 3.7.0 * * @param array $locales Theme locale. Default is current locale of the site. */ $locales = apply_filters( 'themes_update_check_locales', $locales ); if ( defined( 'DOING_CRON' ) && DOING_CRON ) { $timeout = 30; } else { // Three seconds, plus one extra second for every 10 themes $timeout = 3 + (int) ( count( $themes ) / 10 ); } $options = array( 'timeout' => $timeout, 'body' => array( 'themes' => json_encode( $request ), 'translations' => json_encode( $translations ), 'locale' => json_encode( $locales ), ), 'user-agent' => 'WordPress/' . $wp_version . '; ' . get_bloginfo( 'url' ) ); if ( $extra_stats ) { $options['body']['update_stats'] = json_encode( $extra_stats ); } $url = $http_url = 'http://api.wordpress.org/themes/update-check/1.1/'; if ( $ssl = wp_http_supports( array( 'ssl' ) ) ) $url = set_url_scheme( $url, 'https' ); $raw_response = wp_remote_post( $url, $options ); if ( $ssl && is_wp_error( $raw_response ) ) { trigger_error( __( 'An unexpected error occurred. Something may be wrong with WordPress.org or this server’s configuration. If you continue to have problems, please try the support forums.' ) . ' ' . __( '(WordPress could not establish a secure connection to WordPress.org. Please contact your server administrator.)' ), headers_sent() || WP_DEBUG ? E_USER_WARNING : E_USER_NOTICE ); $raw_response = wp_remote_post( $http_url, $options ); } if ( is_wp_error( $raw_response ) || 200 != wp_remote_retrieve_response_code( $raw_response ) ) return false; $new_update = new stdClass; $new_update->last_checked = time(); $new_update->checked = $checked; $response = json_decode( wp_remote_retrieve_body( $raw_response ), true ); if ( is_array( $response ) ) { $new_update->response = $response['themes']; $new_update->translations = $response['translations']; } set_site_transient( 'update_themes', $new_update ); } /** * Performs WordPress automatic background updates. * * @since 3.7.0 */ function wp_maybe_auto_update() { include_once( ABSPATH . '/wp-admin/includes/admin.php' ); include_once( ABSPATH . '/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-upgrader.php' ); $upgrader = new WP_Automatic_Updater; $upgrader->run(); } /** * Retrieves a list of all language updates available. * * @since 3.7.0 */ function wp_get_translation_updates() { $updates = array(); $transients = array( 'update_core' => 'core', 'update_plugins' => 'plugin', 'update_themes' => 'theme' ); foreach ( $transients as $transient => $type ) { $transient = get_site_transient( $transient ); if ( empty( $transient->translations ) ) continue; foreach ( $transient->translations as $translation ) { $updates[] = (object) $translation; } } return $updates; } /** * Collect counts and UI strings for available updates * * @since 3.3.0 * * @return array */ function wp_get_update_data() { $counts = array( 'plugins' => 0, 'themes' => 0, 'wordpress' => 0, 'translations' => 0 ); if ( $plugins = current_user_can( 'update_plugins' ) ) { $update_plugins = get_site_transient( 'update_plugins' ); if ( ! empty( $update_plugins->response ) ) $counts['plugins'] = count( $update_plugins->response ); } if ( $themes = current_user_can( 'update_themes' ) ) { $update_themes = get_site_transient( 'update_themes' ); if ( ! empty( $update_themes->response ) ) $counts['themes'] = count( $update_themes->response ); } if ( ( $core = current_user_can( 'update_core' ) ) && function_exists( 'get_core_updates' ) ) { $update_wordpress = get_core_updates( array('dismissed' => false) ); if ( ! empty( $update_wordpress ) && ! in_array( $update_wordpress[0]->response, array('development', 'latest') ) && current_user_can('update_core') ) $counts['wordpress'] = 1; } if ( ( $core || $plugins || $themes ) && wp_get_translation_updates() ) $counts['translations'] = 1; $counts['total'] = $counts['plugins'] + $counts['themes'] + $counts['wordpress'] + $counts['translations']; $titles = array(); if ( $counts['wordpress'] ) $titles['wordpress'] = sprintf( __( '%d WordPress Update'), $counts['wordpress'] ); if ( $counts['plugins'] ) $titles['plugins'] = sprintf( _n( '%d Plugin Update', '%d Plugin Updates', $counts['plugins'] ), $counts['plugins'] ); if ( $counts['themes'] ) $titles['themes'] = sprintf( _n( '%d Theme Update', '%d Theme Updates', $counts['themes'] ), $counts['themes'] ); if ( $counts['translations'] ) $titles['translations'] = __( 'Translation Updates' ); $update_title = $titles ? esc_attr( implode( ', ', $titles ) ) : ''; $update_data = array( 'counts' => $counts, 'title' => $update_title ); /** * Filter the returned array of update data for plugins, themes, and WordPress core. * * @since 3.5.0 * * @param array $update_data { * Fetched update data. * * @type array $counts An array of counts for available plugin, theme, and WordPress updates. * @type string $update_title Titles of available updates. * } * @param array $titles An array of update counts and UI strings for available updates. */ return apply_filters( 'wp_get_update_data', $update_data, $titles ); } function _maybe_update_core() { include( ABSPATH . WPINC . '/version.php' ); // include an unmodified $wp_version $current = get_site_transient( 'update_core' ); if ( isset( $current->last_checked ) && 12 * HOUR_IN_SECONDS > ( time() - $current->last_checked ) && isset( $current->version_checked ) && $current->version_checked == $wp_version ) return; wp_version_check(); } /** * Check the last time plugins were run before checking plugin versions. * * This might have been backported to WordPress 2.6.1 for performance reasons. * This is used for the wp-admin to check only so often instead of every page * load. * * @since 2.7.0 * @access private */ function _maybe_update_plugins() { $current = get_site_transient( 'update_plugins' ); if ( isset( $current->last_checked ) && 12 * HOUR_IN_SECONDS > ( time() - $current->last_checked ) ) return; wp_update_plugins(); } /** * Check themes versions only after a duration of time. * * This is for performance reasons to make sure that on the theme version * checker is not run on every page load. * * @since 2.7.0 * @access private */ function _maybe_update_themes() { $current = get_site_transient( 'update_themes' ); if ( isset( $current->last_checked ) && 12 * HOUR_IN_SECONDS > ( time() - $current->last_checked ) ) return; wp_update_themes(); } /** * Schedule core, theme, and plugin update checks. * * @since 3.1.0 */ function wp_schedule_update_checks() { if ( !wp_next_scheduled('wp_version_check') && !defined('WP_INSTALLING') ) wp_schedule_event(time(), 'twicedaily', 'wp_version_check'); if ( !wp_next_scheduled('wp_update_plugins') && !defined('WP_INSTALLING') ) wp_schedule_event(time(), 'twicedaily', 'wp_update_plugins'); if ( !wp_next_scheduled('wp_update_themes') && !defined('WP_INSTALLING') ) wp_schedule_event(time(), 'twicedaily', 'wp_update_themes'); if ( ( wp_next_scheduled( 'wp_maybe_auto_update' ) > ( time() + HOUR_IN_SECONDS ) ) && ! defined('WP_INSTALLING') ) wp_clear_scheduled_hook( 'wp_maybe_auto_update' ); } if ( ( ! is_main_site() && ! is_network_admin() ) || ( defined( 'DOING_AJAX' ) && DOING_AJAX ) ) return; add_action( 'admin_init', '_maybe_update_core' ); add_action( 'wp_version_check', 'wp_version_check' ); add_action( 'upgrader_process_complete', 'wp_version_check', 10, 0 ); add_action( 'load-plugins.php', 'wp_update_plugins' ); add_action( 'load-update.php', 'wp_update_plugins' ); add_action( 'load-update-core.php', 'wp_update_plugins' ); add_action( 'admin_init', '_maybe_update_plugins' ); add_action( 'wp_update_plugins', 'wp_update_plugins' ); add_action( 'upgrader_process_complete', 'wp_update_plugins', 10, 0 ); add_action( 'load-themes.php', 'wp_update_themes' ); add_action( 'load-update.php', 'wp_update_themes' ); add_action( 'load-update-core.php', 'wp_update_themes' ); add_action( 'admin_init', '_maybe_update_themes' ); add_action( 'wp_update_themes', 'wp_update_themes' ); add_action( 'upgrader_process_complete', 'wp_update_themes', 10, 0 ); add_action( 'wp_maybe_auto_update', 'wp_maybe_auto_update' ); add_action('init', 'wp_schedule_update_checks'); La potencia de las multitudes conectadas del 15M de EspañaSesiónDeControl.com
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15M: Multitudes conectadas


1
Global Voices

Este artículo se publicó originalmente en Global Voices, un portal que busca agrupar, conservar y amplificar la conversación global en línea arrojando luz a los lugares y gente que otros medios de comunicación a menudo ignoran. Trabajamos para desarrollar herramientas, instituciones y relaciones que ayuden a todas las voces, en todas partes, a ser oídas.


Escrito el 18 de septiembre de 2013 a las 19:49 | Clasificado en Ciudadanía, Tecnología

El 15M ha supuesto una nueva participación ciudadana desde la centralidad de la conexión entre redes en internet y redes humanas en la calle.

Con los recortes y la represión no pasarán. (Wikipedia)
Con los recortes y la represión no pasarán. (Wikipedia)

Después de 16 meses de investigación, en junio de 2013, salió a la luz el informe Tecnopolítica: La potencia de las multitudes conectadas. El sistema red 15M, un nuevo paradigma de la política distribuida, realizado por Javier Toret y el grupo @DatAnalysis15m. La investigación se centra en la comunicación de red, el carácter emocional y los diferentes períodos del movimiento 15M.

¿Qué es lo que hace tan relevante al 15M? Según el estudio, su carácter tecnopolítico, es decir, la ”utilización de diferentes tácticas y estrategias de las redes digitales e identidades colectivas para gestar, organizar y dar sentido a las acciones políticas”.


Algunos de los factores que marcaron el origen del 15M fueron las luchas por una red libre, las prácticas tecnopolíticas y la primavera árabe, de acuerdo al informe. Todo ello, unido a la fuerte carga emocional que desencadenaban las acciones de la política estatal, desembocó en una acción en red, creándose una estructura organizativa digital.

En el análisis emocional del 15M se deduce en el estudio que dominan las emociones “Empoderamiento” e “Indignación” y que es un movimiento de alta carga emocional.

Visor de emociones del día 15 de Mayo del 2011. Elaborado por Oscar Marín Miró.

En la investigación se describen cinco períodos en el desarrollo del 15M, desde abril de 2011 hasta junio de 2012: gestación, explosión-estabilización, latencia, globalización y evolución-mutación.

El 15M desarrolló nuevos marcos conceptuales y un marco de análisis de los fenómenos políticos en la sociedad red, definida como un:

conjunto de nodos con altos índices de conectividad, robustez y reciprocidad, que forman un archipiélago, un ecosistema vivo con propiedades emergentes. Estructura abierta, policéntrica marcada por la cooperación entre nodos. Arquitectura de protocolo P2P, igualitaria, meritocrática y equipolente

La autoorganización política en la sociedad red fue la característica de las revueltas conectadas: levantamientos en el mundo árabe; 15M en España; movimiento Occupy en Estados Unidos; movimiento YoSoy132 en México; movimiento de protestas en Brasil; movimiento ‘Chapulling’ en Turquía.

El sociólogo y teórico de las comunicaciones y la sociedad red Manuel Castells explica:

Internet no es simplemente una tecnología; es el medio de comunicación que constituye la forma organizativa de nuestras sociedades, es el equivalente a lo que fue la factoría o la gran corporación en la era industrial.

El 15M ha supuesto una nueva participación ciudadana desde la centralidad de la conexión entre redes en internet y redes humanas en la calle, suponiendo un reto para el sistema de partidos políticos hegemónico. En el movimiento han sido importantes las emociones para activarlo y alimentar los fenómenos de enjambres, que se definen por la “acción conjunta, efímera en su formación y masiva en su movilización, que combina la afección emocional con la activación de secuencias de sincronización”.

La participación democrática del 15M crea un nuevo paradigma político en el que las multitudes conectadas intervienen en la transformación social.

Fuente: La potencia de las multitudes conectadas del 15M de España

Autora: María Rodríguez

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  1. […] Global Voices. Este artículo se publicó originalmente en Global Voices, un portal que busca agrupar, conservar y amplificar la conversación global en línea arrojando luz a los lugares y gente que otros medios de …  […]

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